Friday, January 20, 2017

George Tom Fulgham

birth: July 21, 1866
location: Cass County, Texas
death: January 13, 1928
location: Texas

father: Marquis de Lafayette Fuglahm
mother: Catherine Smith

spouse: E Alice Moseley

1870 census

1880 census

1900 census

1910 census

1920 census


children with E Alice Moseley:

William Edmond Fulgham

birth: December 31, 1861
location: Georgia
death: December 28, 1912
location: Texas

father: Marquis de Lafayette Fulgham
mother: Catherine Smith

spouse: Elizabeth Ruhama Huddle

1870 census

1880 census

marriage to Elizabeth Huddle - 1882

1900 census

1910 census


children with Elizabeth Ruhama Huddle:

Lottie Fulgham - 1886
Ivy Thomas Fulgham - 1888
Dora Ella Fulgham - 1892
Lonnie Fulgham - 1894
Cary Vinson Fulgham - 1896
Levey Nolan Fulgham - 1900

William Edmond Fulgham - 1910 census

1910 census
location: Van Zandt County, Texas
date: April 26-27, 1910

William E Fulgham  head  male  white  48  married - 27 years  Texas
Elizabeth Fulgham  wife  female  white  52  married - 27 years  9,4  Texas
Ivy T Fulgham  son  male  white  22  single  Texas
Dora E Fulgham  daughter  female  white  18  single  Texas
Cary V Fulgham  son  male  white  13  single  Texas
Nolan L Fulgham  son  male  white  10  single  Texas
Catherine Huddle  mother-in-law  female  white  77  widowed  5, 2  Virginia

"United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 20 January 2017), William E Fulgham, Justice Precinct 7, Van Zandt, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 120, sheet 7A, family 120, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1596; FHL microfilm 1,375,609.

Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 7, Van Zandt, Texas; Roll: T624_1596; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 0120; FHL microfilm: 1375609

William Edmond Fulgham - 1900 census

1900 census
location: Van Zandt County, Texas
date: June 11, 1900

Edmond W Fulgham  head  white  male  Dec 1861  38  married - 17 years  Texas  farmer
Lizzie Fulgham  wife  white  female  Nov 1857  42  married - 17 years  9,5  Texas
Lottie C Fulgham  daughter  white  female  Oct 1876  18  single  Texas
Iva T Fulgham  son  white  male  Feb 1878  12  single  Texas
Dora E Fulgham  daughter  white  female  Jan 1892  single  Texas
Cary V Fulgham  son  male  white  Nov 1896  3  single  Texas
Levi N Fulgham  son  white  male  Jan 1900  single  Texas
Catherine Hudall  mother-in-law  white  female  May 1832  widowed  Virginia

"United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 20 January 2017), Edward W. Fulgham, Justice Precinct 7 (voting precinct 11), Van Zandt, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 136, sheet 8A, family 94, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,675.

W E Fulgham and Elizabeth Huddle marriage

location: Van Zandt County, Texas
date: December 21, 1882

"Texas, County Marriage Records, 1837-1965," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 20 January 2017), W E Fulgham and Lizzie Huddle, 21 Dec 1882, Marriage; citing Van Zandt, Texas, United States, various county clerk offices, Texas State Library and Archives Commission, Texas Dept. of State Health Services and Golightly-Payne-Coon Co.; FHL microfilm 1,578,918.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

John Honeycutt

birth: February 1857
location: Louisiana
death: April 1905
location: Louisiana

father: Isreal Honeycutt
mother: Sarah

spouse: Nancy Cornelia Thomas

marriage to Nancy Cornelia Thomas - 1878

1880 census

1900 census


children with Nancy Cornelia Thomas:

Beulah Honeycutt - 1878
Samuel M Honeycutt - 1880
Thomas Honeycutt - 1882
John Honeycutt - 1884
Frank Honeycutt - 1886
Sarah Honeycutt - 1888
Julia Honeycutt - 1888-90
Ollie Honeycutt - 1892
Ruth Honeycutt - 1895
Cyrus Honeycutt - 1898

John Honeycutt and Cornelia Thomas marriage

location: Ouchita Parish, Louisiana
date: April 12, 1877

Hunting For Bears, comp.. Louisiana, Marriages, 1718-1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Jungle Laboratories by Soto Laveaga

Laveaga, Gabriela Soto Jungle Laboratories: Mexican Peasants, National Projects, and the Making of the Pill. Durham: Duke University Press, 2009.

Jungle Laboratories: Mexican Peasants, National Projects, and the Making of the Pill by Gabriela Sota Laveaga traces the political, economic, and scientific development of the global barbasco industry from its 1950s-boom years, to the decline in the latter part of the twentieth century. A wild yam that invasively grows in rural areas of southern Mexico, barbasco and its extract, diosgenin, made possible the mass production of steroid hormones like progesterone and cortisone, and leading to the manufacture of oral contraceptives. Despite their elite knowledge of and manual labor harvesting the root, it was many years before Mexican peasants understood the financial and scientific value of barbasco. The scientific community’s reliance on rural Mexican’s knowledge upended a social hierarchy that had been in place for hundreds of years. Eventually rural Mexicans were able to utilize their scientific knowledge to mediate with transnational pharmaceutical companies, to approach the Mexican government for terms, and to alter how they were regarded by urban Mexicans.
A commodity chain analysis is a way of isolating and identifying aspects of historical change along the route that the commodity takes from production to consumption. In the case of barbasco, the commodity chain begins when Mexican peasants harvest the barbasco root from southern Mexico. Initially, picking the barbasco root was a form of ancillary income for the peasants. If peasants happened to see barbasco growing on their way home then they would pick it up. However, as the demand for barbasco grew, up to 25,000 families or 100,000 individuals would make a living by harvesting the barbasco root. The jungle conditions where barbasco grew were hazardous. Barbasco pickers reported venomous snakes and swarms of insects, not to mention the hot, tropical environment. In addition, the dangers of machetes were notorious, as the long, sharp knives were used constantly to clear the dense jungle flora.
Once picked and removed from the jungle, the commodity chain of barbasco moved to collection sites where the root would undergo basic chemical changes by fermentation and drying. The resulting barbasco flour had to be spread out over concrete slabs and dried by the sun. The flour also needed to be agitated to ensure consistent drying. Once dried, the barbasco flour was packed and shipped to laboratories in other parts of Mexico, the United States, and Europe.
Laboratories and scientists continued the chemical processes to yield diosgenin. Diosgenin is the precursor of steroid hormones like progesterone and cortisone. Progesterone was the original basis for oral contraceptives, which put Mexico on the map in the steroid hormone industry. Employed by Syntex, one Mexico’s leading pharmaceutical companies, Luis Ernesto Miramontes was able to synthesize an orally efficient progesterone contraceptive. The Pill revolutionized population control by allowing female reproductive systems to avoid contraception. The rural Mexican peasants had no idea that the barbasco they picked and sold to middlemen was turned into a pill used globally by millions of women.
The abundant availability of raw barbasco in Mexico made it possible for Mexican chemists and technicians to generate original and significant scientific research. Studying a plant that was innately Mexican inspired a sense of nationalism. Mexico created an entire industry around barbasco, with laboratories and other facilities created specifically for steroid hormone use. Mexican scientific nationalism can also be seen at the lowest rung of barbasco’s commodity chain. Barbasco pickers and campesinos were all proud of barbasco and their work, even when they did not understand why international companies demanded the weed. Fidel Santiago Hernández proudly described how he had been hired as a “chemist” at a barbasco processing plant. Many Mexicans viewed employment in the barbasco industry as a secure, dignified, and esteemed occupation.
            Amidst the barbasco boom, the United States as a scientific and pharmacological stronghold had to contend with Mexico and its emerging competence in science, as well as the only place where barbasco proliferated. Even when Syntex was sold to a United States company, the barbasco root was still grown in Mexico and, increasingly, regulated by the Mexican government. United States’ expansionism became a question of legal matters, like patents, and not territory. Mexican presidents Miguel Alemán and Adolfo Ruiz Cortines both issued protectionist measures and legislation to protect the economy surrounding barbasco. Foreign demand for barbasco permits ushered in the Mexican government’s domestic laboratory, Farquinal, responsible for the manufacture of diosgenin.
Several factors surrounding barbasco changed throughout its medicinal demand and subsequent decline including agriculture and economics. With regards to agriculture, in the beginning of the barbasco boom peasants left a part of the root in the ground for regeneration. Combined with the slash and burn agricultural technique, barbasco continued to flourish. However, towards the end of the barbasco boom fewer pickers would leave even the smallest pieces of the root in the ground. Many in Mexico wondered if the barbasco would last. The Commission for the Study of the Ecology of Dioscoreas was a research group funded by transnational pharmaceutical companies in collaboration with the Mexican government and Mexican scientists to regulate and obtain information on barbasco and its ecology. Foreign companies understood the importance of researching barbasco in order to ensure the continued supply of the scientific- and financially-valuable raw material. This led to the change in economics by Mexico establishing Proquivemex, the parastatal company intended to challenge transnational pharmaceutical companies and protect campesinos. Proquivemex was established in 1975 during the administration of populist president Luis Echeverría Álvarez.
Echeverría had high hopes for Proquivemex. Ideally Proquivemex and its jungle laboratories would serve as the link between Mexican peasants who harvested barbasco and the transnational pharmaceutical companies who needed diosgenin. Within ten years, Echeverría planned to produce medicines at a fair price for all Mexican citizens. Another goal was that the middlemen of the barbasco industry would one day have a significant role in the company and control of barbasco production. However, when Echeverría left office, Proquivemex was beset with a funding crisis and dwindling interest, especially from the new administration. The jungle laboratories were abandoned and the barbasco industry in Mexico dried up.
Diosgenin-filled arbasco still grows in the jungle region of southern Mexico and the legacy of the barbasco boom years still lives on. Barbasco created the development of the steroid hormone industry and paved the way for Mexico to become a major factor in the global pharmaceutical industry. However, the failures of Echeverría’s populist regime and the social issues surrounding Mexican peasants and harvesting barbasco, as well as new scientific sources of steroid hormones, led to the weed’s subsequent medicinal decline and demand.

Thursday, January 5, 2017

Cora Lee Edmondson Larson

birth: October 13, 1878
location: Texas
death: January 27, 1971
location: Jacksonville, Cherokee County, Texas

father: C E Edmondson
mother: Mariah Caroline Howell

spouse: Abraham Larson

1880 census

marriage to Abraham Larson - 1896

1900 census

1910 census

1920 census

1930 census



children with Abraham Larson:

Bulah Estelle Larson - 1898
Joseph Jefferson Larson - 1900
Edward Larson - 1902
Grace Larson - 1909
Lewis Emanuel Larson - 1911
Gwendolyn Larson - 1916

Caroline Edmondson - 1880 census

1880 census
location: Smith County, Texas
date: August 24, 1880

Caroline Edmondson  white  female  40  widowed  keeping house  Texas
William Alexander  white  male  19  son  single  farmer  Texas
Margaret Alexander  white  female  16  daughter  single  domestic service  Texas
Helen King  white  female  10  daughter  single  Texas
Edward King  white  male  8  son  single  Texas
Cora Edmondson  white  female  3  daughter  Texas

Year: 1880; Census Place: Smith, Texas; Roll: 1326; Family History Film: 1255326; Page: 170A; Enumeration District: 096

Cora Lee Larson - death

date: January 27, 1971
location: Jacksonville, Cherokee County, Texas

"Texas Deaths, 1890-1976," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 5 December 2014), Cora Lee Larson, 27 Jan 1971; citing certificate number 01206, State Registrar Office, Austin; FHL microfilm 2,223,071.

Abe Larson - 1910 census

1910 census
location: Cherokee County, Texas
date: May 12, 1910

Abe L Larson  head  male  white  45  married - 12 years  Norway  retail grocer
Cora Larson  wife  female  white  31  married - 12 years  7, 4  Texas
Bulah E Larson  daugther  female  white  11  single  Texas
Joseph J Larson  son  male  white  9  single  Texas
Edward N Larson  son  male  white  7  single  Texas
Grace Larson  daughter  female  white  1 3/12  single  Texas
Mariah Edmondson  mother-in-law  female  white  71  widowed  7, 4  Tennessee 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2006.

Abe Larson - 1900 census

1900 census
date: June 19, 1900
location: Cherokee County, Texas

Abraham Larson  head  white  male  Feb 1868  32  married - 4 years  Norway  farm labor
Cora Larson  wife  white  female  Oct 1877  22  married - 4 years  2, 1  Texas 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004.

Abe Larson and Cora Howell marriage

date: July 12, 1896
location: Cherokee County, Texas Texas, Select County Marriage Index, 1837-1965 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2014.

Abe Larson - 1920 census

1920 census
location: Cherokee County, Texas
date: January 14, 1920

Abe L Larson  head  male  white  44  married  Norway
Cora Lee Larson  wife  female  white  43  married  Texas
Beulah Larson  daughter  female  white  21  single  Texas
Joe Larson  son  male  white  19  single  Texas
Grace Larson  daughter  female  white  11  single  Texas
Louie Larson  son  male  white  8  single  Texas
Gwendolyn Larson  daughter  female  white  3  single  Texas

"United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 5 January 2017), Louie Larson in household of Abe L Larson, Justice Precinct 3, Cherokee, Texas, United States; citing ED 25, sheet 7B, line 94, family 156, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1786; FHL microfilm 1,821,786.

Richard Earl Kidd birth

location: Henderson County, Texas
date: November 10, 1943

"Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997," database, FamilySearch ( : 1 January 2015), Richard Earl Kidd, 10 Nov 1943; from "Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997," database and images, Ancestry ( : 2005); citing Texas Department of State Health Services.

Stickhorse Funeral Home card

Richard Earl Kidd


birth: November 10, 1943
location: New Hope, Henderson County, Texas
death: July 23, 2012
location: Tyler, Smith County, Texas

father: Verdon Kidd
mother: Edna Jo Harrison

spouse: Carol Diane Smart
spouse: Candy Leigh Welch


funeral home card


Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Willie W Sullivan - 1920 census

1920 census
location: Smith County, Mississippi
date: January 28, 1920

Willie W Sullivan  head  male  white  37  married  Missisippi
Beula V Sullivan  wife  female  white  36  married  Mississippi
Thelma Sullivan  daughter  female  white  14  single  Mississippi
Velma Sullivan  daughter  female  white  12  single  Mississippi
Wiley P Sullivan  son  male  white  11  single  Mississippi
Claud Millis  stepson  male  white  12  single  Mississippi
Billie L Millis  stepdaughter  female  white  5  single  Mississippi
Angie Wells  mother-in-law  female  white  64  widowed  Mississippi 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.

Anna Jane Wells - 1910 census

1910 census
location: Simpson County, Mississippi
date: April 20, 1910

Ana J Wells  head  female  white  54  widowed  9,8  Mississippi  housekeeper
Nancy Wells  daughter  female  white  20  single  Mississippi
Christon R Wells  daughter  female  white  14  single  Mississippi
James R Addcocks  boarder  male  white  21  single  Mississippi  farm labor 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2006.

Annie Jane Runnels Wells

birth: April 15, 1855
location: Mississippi
death: September 1, 1929
location: Mississippi

father: Elias Runnels
mother: Patience Floyd

spouse: William Wells

1860 census

1870 census

marriage to William Wells - 1871

1880 census

1900 census

1910 census

1920 census


children with William Wells:

Mary E Wells - 1872
Martha C Wells - 1874
Bulah V Wells - 1877
Arthur Augustus Wells - 1879
Laura L Wells - 1881
Lula L Wells - 1884
Nancy L Wells 1889
Ollie C Wells - 1894
William H Wells - 1898

Elias Runnels - 1870 census

location: Simpson County, Mississippi
date: June 1870

Elias Runnells  56  male  white  farmer  Mississippi
Patience Runnells  40  female  white  keeping house  Mississippi
Andrew Runnells  21  male  white  Mississippi
Jane R Runnells  19  female  white  Mississippi
Manda Runnells  15  female  white  Mississippi
Martha A Runnells  13  female  white  Mississippi
Eveline Runnells  17  female  white  Mississippi
Rachel A Runnells  9  female  white  Mississippi
Elvinna Runnells  8  female  white  Mississippi
Authur Runnells  2  male  white  Mississippi

Year: 1870; Census Place: Beat 2, Simpson, Mississippi; Roll: M593_748; Page: 305A; Image: 66937; Family History Library Film: 552247

William Wells and Annie Jane Runnels marriage

date: December 4, 1871
location: Britt (??) Mississippi

Elias Runnels - 1860 census

1860 census
location: Simpson County, Mississippi
date: September 21, 1860

Elias Runnells  40  male  farmer
Patience Runnells  35  female
James Runnells  15  male
Samuel Runnells  12  male
Andrew Runnells  10  male
Jane Runnells  8  female
Ervin Runnells  7  male
Anna Runnells  5  female
Martha A Runnells  3  female
Franklin Runnells  30  male  farmer

"United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 30 December 2015), Anna Runnells in entry for Elias Runnells, 1860.

Monday, December 12, 2016

Laura V Carpenter Sprowl Pickett

birth: 1855
death: 1906
location: Navarro County, Texas

father: Eli Carpenter
mother: Annzena Norris

spouse: Arthur Booth Sprowl

spouse: John Pickett

1850 census

1860 census

1870 census

1880 census

1900 census


children with Arthur Booth Sprowl:

Ida G Sprowl - 1874
Jasper A Sprowl - 1876
Arthur B Sprowl - 1878
Walter Eugene Sprowl - 1881

children with John Pickett:

Robert G Pickett - 1892
Earnest R Pickett - 1895